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ADHD or Early Interpersonal Trauma?

ADHD or Early Interpersonal Trauma?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a controversial diagnosis that began to steadily increase during the 1990’s. Since then, the numbers of children diagnosed with ADHD has risen to alarming numbers. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2016 a total of 6.1 million children between the ages of 2 and 17 were diagnosed with ADHD in the USA. Further, a recent study found that between 2003 and 2011, 2 million additional children were diagnosed with ADHD with 69% of these children currently taking medication (Visser et al., 2014). The diagnosis of ADHD is often prompted by parent and teacher reports of the child’s behavior. A pediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist with expertise in ADHD then determine whether a child should be diagnosed with ADHD and subsequently medicated. Many psychologists and researchers have voiced their concerns over the widespread use of medication in children as young as four years old. Moreover, nearly 2 out of 3 children with ADHD have a concurrent disorder with the highest being behavioral or conduct...

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Treatment Approaches for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder by Dr. Fabiana Franco

Treatment Approaches for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder by Dr. Fabiana Franco

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a serious mental disorder that is more prevalent than once thought. About 2 to 3 percent of the population will struggle with OCD at some point in their lifetime (Pittenger, Kelmendi, Bloch, Krystal, & Coric, 2005). Treatment Approaches for OCD  To date,a combination of  Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Exposure and Response Prevention (EX/RP) are the most effective forms of psychotherapy for OCD. Some researchers understand OCD as an inability to tolerate anxiety. For example, many people experience the compulsion for excessive hand washing as a symptom of OCD. After touching a doorknob, you may feel the urge to wash your hands; just in case the doorknob is dirty. Thoughts of germs on the doorknob lead to anxiety about disease. Rather than confront the fear and sit with the anxiety, you wash your hands, maybe while washing your hands anxiety increases and you need to wash your hands a few times in a row before you can carry on with your day. An effective way...

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