Traumatic Brain Injury
Every year about 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the United States. Of these people, more than 270,000 are hospitalized and more than 50,000 die from their injury.
Although TBI happens for many reasons, it generally occurs after acute damage to the brain from things like head injury, tumor, infection, or stroke. There are many causes of TBI, but the three most common include car accidents, firearms, and falls. Several types of TBI exist that can all cause lasting damage to individuals and their families.
The first type is called mild TBI and is defined by confusion, disorientation, fatigue, memory loss, irritability, or a loss of consciousness for less than thirty minutes. Mild TBI, which is often called a concussion or a minor head trauma, is the most common form of TBI and often goes undetected.
The second type is known as moderate to severe TBI and involves a loss of consciousness for more than thirty minutes. In addition, severe TBI may result in significant cognitive deficits, language impairments, seizures, or severe sensory or emotional regulation difficulties.
Consider the resources listed below to learn more!
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Head Injuries and Youth Sports – Information for Parents
- Defense Centers of Excellence: Real Warriors Campaign
- New York Times Article: Hits to the Head Don’t Differ With Age
- Mayo Clinic: Preventing TBI
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention: TBI Statistics